Staking ATOM earns significant rewards but is not risk-free. ATOM delegated to a validator can be partially slashed if the validator misbehaves. Slashing means the delegated ATOM are forfeited (burned) without the possibility of recovery. On the Cosmos Hub, two attributable faults can lead to slashing events for the delegated ATOM:
- Slashing by 0.01% can occur if the validator is offline for too long. Uptime is achieved when the validator signs at least 500 out of the last 10.000 blocks. If a validator does not sign minimum 500 blocks out of the last 10.000, a downtime slash occurs.
- Slashing by 5% can occur if the validator signs two different blocks at the same height (double-signing). This fault is harder to anticipate, resulting from bad operation practices or outright malicious intent from the validator operator.
When you delegate your ATOM to a validator, select a trusted validator to prevent slashing from these faults.